The mining and mineral production interests in India were earlier represented by regional associations of mine operators and individual lease holders. In 1966, the individual mine operators and associations established an all-India federation a non-profit corporate body under the Companies Act, 1956 to promote the interests of mining, mineral processing, metal making and other mineral-based industries and to attend to the problems faced by them in lease grants, renewals, tenures, production, taxation, trade, exports, labour, etc.
The Federation of Indian Mineral Industries (FIMI), which came into existence with a small membership of about 40 federating associations and individual units, is now a 400-member body.
FIMI envelopes in its fold mining, mineral processing, metal making, cement and other mineral-derived industries as well as granite, stone, marble and slate industries — private, joint and public sectors - of the country. It represents the entire non-fuel mining and mineral processing activities of the nation.